Jan 192013

Screening For High Yield SharesSome of those quality blue chips that occasionally offer themselves up at decent yields have been looking fully valued of late. With the FTSE closing at 6,154 last week, its highest level since May 2008, it sometimes feels like some of my best ideas are running away from me.

Take Reckitt Benckiser (LON: RB.) for example, a company which I admire as it has proved exceptional at generating shareholder value over many years, delivering excellent earnings and dividend growth from a combination of its strong portfolio of everyday consumer branded products and good management. I tend to keep quality shares like this on a watch list and try to patiently accumulate them whenever the yield looks attractive relative to the market. I see from my records that my last purchase of Reckitt Benckiser was in April 2011 when the share price took a small tumble following the resignation of its well respected CEO, Bart Becht, when it was available on a yield of 3.7%. But with the share price having increased by over 30% since then and the dividend growth slowing down, its yield of now barely over 3% holds less appeal. It’s a similar story for other quality consumer staples such as Unilever (LON: ULVR) and Diageo (LON: DGE). Quality or not, no share is worth paying any price for and the value investor in me (or miserliness if you like!) will begin to shy away when those yields drop below that of the market. It usually means there are better ideas out there.

As shares move in and out of fashion and fortunes change, it is always worth keeping an eye out for new ideas. Sometimes I will read the financial news and be inspired to look into a company, but more often than not my research will initiate from a simple share screen.

Share screeners

There are just too many listed companies out there to manually wade through for ideas. There’s about 600 in the FTSE All Share alone, but taking into account other listed companies and AIM shares, never mind the possibility of international shares, there are potentially thousands to choose from. Fortunately, with modern technology, share screening has become a lot easier in recent years as there are many online resources to help us look up lists of shares and have some way of whittling them down to a more manageable size to serve as the basis for further research.

From what I have seen, probably the best site we have in the UK for this is one to which I contribute some of these blog posts, namely Stockopedia. Not only do they have lots of ready made screens mimicking strategies of well known “gurus”, you can also create your own bespoke screens selecting from a vast array of fundamental ratios. There are also some free sites offering screening possibilities, such as Digital Look, as well as very basic options on sites such as the Financial Times.

A high yield screen

Armed with Stockopedia then, I’m going to run a screen for high yield shares. Dividend investing isn’t all about the yield though: we want to ensure that the dividend is sustainable and will hopefully grow. So I’m going to try the following 5 criteria:

1. Dividend yield (trailing 12 mths) > 3.5%. The FTSE All Share’s yield at the end of last week was 3.43% so this will pull out shares with yields higher than the market (see this article for how to obtain the market yield data).

2. Dividend cover > 1.6. Companies which are paying out too high a proportion of their earnings as dividends not only risk not being able to afford the dividend if trading worsens, but they also have less retained profits to reinvest for future growth. So I will limit the screen to those companies paying out no more than about 60% of their earnings i.e. a dividend cover of >1.6

3. Dividend growth streak > 5. I want to ensure that there is a good record of dividend growth. The longer the better, but we will select at least 5 years.

4. Net debt < 3 x net income. I don’t like debt. Companies with strong balance sheets will generally be able to keep paying out dividends for longer if trading deteriorates. Otherwise, they may be forced to reduce borrowings which can lead to dividend cuts. A great feature on Stockopedia is the ability to compare two ratios, multiplying one of them by a variable of your choice, which I’m going to utilise here. Whilst there are various other ways of analysing debt, such as gearing and interest cover, I’m going to stick to companies whose net debt is less than 3 times net profits.

5. Market cap > £100m. Last but not least, I’m going to exclude very small companies, in this case any with a market cap of less than £100m.

Those meeting the above criteria, please step forward

Running the above screen today and excluding secondary listings and investment trusts gives a shortlist of 18 shares which is a much more manageable number to look into. Sorted by yield the 18 shares passing all criteria were as follows:

High yield screen results

A quick review of the results

Looking down the list I can see some well known companies, some of which are already in my high yield portfolio such as Astrazeneca, BAE Systems, Carillion and Tesco, as well as other well known names such as Morrisons, Greggs, N Brown and Mitie. Most of these I have at some stage in the past carried out more detailed research.

But there’s one name in the list which I haven’t done much research on before and that is Albemarle & Bond (ABM) which is the smallest on the list by way of market capitalisation but has the second highest yield at 6.3%. ABM is an AIM listed company with a chain of pawnbrokers in the UK and a quick look at Stockopedia’s excellent “stock report” confirms that in the last 5 years it weathered the downturn particularly well by increasing revenues at a compounded annual growth rate of some 29% and earnings and dividends per share have both grown at approximately 20% per annum. Earnings are however forecast to decline by around 23% for the year to June 2013 and I can see that the concerns over current trading have led to a significant decline in the share price over the last year, from a high of 372p to a low of 200p, with the price currently at 202p.

The company’s business clearly benefited significantly during the recession as a result of a number of factors such as the surging gold price leading to more gold buying activity and its customers needing short term cash advances during harder times. The question then is whether the dividend looks to be sustainable going forward and whether trading will stabilise after a difficult 2013. From here I will head off to the company’s website and learn as much as I can about the company, in particular reading the directors’ commentary in the last annual report and all trading announcements since last year end to better understand the factors behind the current difficulties. I’ll also do a multi year review of the accounts and look at some other important factors for dividend sustainability such as free cash flow generation.

Don’t forget that screening is only the start of your research and not to be relied on by itself. But here we see the benefit of a regular share screen: subject to a bit more research I might have just uncovered a nice little contrarian opportunity. Happy screening!

Image courtesy of Rawich / FreeDigitalPhotos.net

  12 Responses to “Screening For High Yield Shares”

  1. Interesting post. Stockopedia’s monthly/annual price looked steep so I tend not to bother with screening shares for now, because my portfolio is following a theme at the moment. Yet ultimately, I am hoping to do value investing in the future.

    Good start with Albemarle & Bond, from without any research (which is bad), my personal opinion that it is doing well in recession but less likely to perform well in the growing economy. But then, if the recession is going to last longer than anyone expects…

    • Hi Joe,

      Glad you found it interesting. Yes, there is a cost attached to Stockopedia so it really depends on whether that makes sense in the context of the size of your portfolio or your strategy going forward. I do find it very comprehensive and the support is excellent, so I guess you get what you pay for. The free screeners can also do a decent job of at least narrowing down the list though.

      The jury’s out on ABM but it’s an interesting one, and whatever happens I’ll follow its progress from here.


  2. Screening is a useful way to narrow down selection, but can throw up some surprises so I think it should be treated with care. Also, it may rule out perfectly good candidates who may, for example have had share splits in the past which are not recognised by a purely mechanical screener eg Imperial Tobacco s record looks like there have been cuts in the past.

    As with XP Power, it may not show that the dividend is subject to a 10% withholding tax as most of its operation is in Vietnam.

    Also, I would be wary of a selection which throws up ABM – great record in the past but recent management changes may make it a different proposition in the future and a 40% SP fall against a rising market would indicate all is not well.

    As ever, a good dose of common sense needs to be applied when using any mechanical methods.

    Stay warm!

    John H

    • Hi John,

      I agree with your comments, in particular that screening is for what I would call “idea generation” and only a starting point for further research. The other thing with screening is to try different criteria because sometimes perfectly good opportunities can fall foul of the screener for whatever reason.

      With ABM, I’m not too concerned with a falling s.p. as I tend to be contrarian in nature, but I’d definitely want to understand the reasons for the decline in trade this year by reading the recent announcements and take a view on what the risk is going forward. The key things I suppose are how their profits will normalise after the boost they had from the gold price and whether they can achieve a decent return on the new store openings which those abnormal profits were ploughed into. It’s not my typical investment as I tend to like more geographically diverse businesses rather than UK focused, but in any event I will monitor it with interest from now on!


      P.S. I will certainly try to keep warm thanks – with the white stuff coming down as I write I don’t think I’ll be leaving the house today!

  3. Interesting piece in the Telegraph on AZN, the 3rd highest yielder in the above screen:


    A favourite of Neil Woodford and a mainstay of many income portfolios, AZN suffers from a low rating (i.e. the high yield) due to perpetual fears over its “patent cliff” and future growth prospects. Let’s see if the new CEO can inject some much needed growth back into the business. He stopped the share buy backs, no doubt to fund his growth strategy, but at least he appears keen on protecting the dividend.

  4. I agree with everyone’s comments above about screeners as further research is always needed before initiating a position.

    I’m subscribed to a lot of the UK bloggers on investing and there seems to be a slant towards dividend yields rather than pure value plays. Nothing wrong with this per se just commenting on where the debate is at the moment. Just wondered what the benefits are to focusing on yield rather than value?

    • Hi David,

      Firstly, I would say that most high yield investors fall into two camps:
      (1) those who are using it as a method to generate an income from which to live; or
      (2) those who don’t require the income but consider it to be a good way to generate decent total return by reinvesting dividends (and they may have the intention to switch to (1) at some time in life).

      See these earlier posts for example:

      But importantly, most high yield investors wouldn’t say that the strategy is distinct from value investing at all; they would say that it is a particular type of value investing – in this case using yield to be the main indicator of value. Value investing to me is simply trying to find undervalued shares – i.e. you believe the price is less than the share’s intrinsic value, and whether you do so by using book values, PE, yield or any other favoured set of ratios or methods is down to the particular investor’s style.

      As noted above however, yield investing can serve the dual purpose of providing one’s income in later life and so if you intend to go that route there is in my opinion a benefit to learning that style early.


      • Total return inclusive of dividends seems like a no brainer to me then, which is why I’m a fan of Graham’s relatively unpopular large company strategy because if you buy at a discount to earnings, the dividend yield should be higher than average. At least that is how I’m trying to frame it.

        Thanks for the insight MI.

        All the best


        • David,

          If you haven’t already read it you might be interested in reading the classic book “Contrarian Investment Strategies” by well known value investor David Dreman who discusses high yield investing as a value strategy and particularly with large companies. See link here to Amazon.


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